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What are the different kinds of machines used for sandblasting?

Sandblasting (an outdated term in the UK), also known as abrasive blasting, involves pneumatically propelling abrasive to clean or texturise surfaces before coating.

Selecting sandblasting machines largely depends on where you’re blasting, the object your processing.

So, what are the diifferent kinds?

Several types of machines are used for sandblasting, each with unique features and applications. Here are some common types:

Airblast Eurospray Blast Pot Blast Machine

1. Portable Pressure Blasting Machines

Portable sandblasting machines are designed for mobility and convenience, allowing users to move the equipment easily from one location to another. These machines are often used for on-site blasting projects or in areas where space is limited. Portable blasting machines can come in various configurations, including pressure, siphon, and gravity feed systems. These machines use high-pressure air or water to propel abrasive material onto the surface to be cleaned or prepared. Pressure blasters are suitable for heavy-duty applications and large-scale projects. They are often used in industrial settings to remove rust, scale, and coatings from metal surfaces.

2. Vaccum Blasting Machines:

A vacuum sandblasting machine, also known as a dustless blasting machine, is a piece of equipment used for surface preparation and cleaning. It operates by blasting abrasive materials, such as sand, glass beads, or baking soda, onto a surface using compressed air. What sets vacuum blasting apart is its ability to simultaneously remove the abrasive material and the debris generated during the blasting process. This is achieved by creating a vacuum that sucks up the abrasive media, along with the contaminants and loose particles from the surface being cleaned, into a recovery system. This results in a cleaner work environment and reduces the need for additional cleanup after the blasting process.

Vacuum sandblasting machines are commonly used in industries such as automotive, marine, construction, and manufacturing for tasks such as removing paint, rust, scale, and other surface contaminants from various materials like metal, concrete, and wood.

Airblast Vacuum Blasting
Airbast Eurospray blast cabinet.

3. Blast Cabinets

Blast cabinets are enclosed, cabinet-like structures equipped with gloves and viewing windows, allowing operators to blast small parts or components while containing the abrasive material and dust within the cabinet. These sandblasting machines are commonly used for precision blasting tasks, such as cleaning and deburring small metal parts, as well as for applications that require the containment of abrasive dust.

4. Dry Ice Blasting Machines:

Dry ice blasting machines use compressed air to propel small pellets of dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) at high speeds onto the surface to be cleaned. The impact of the dry ice pellets removes contaminants without damaging the underlying surface. Dry ice blasting is a non-abrasive, environmentally friendly alternative to traditional sandblasting methods and is often used for cleaning delicate surfaces or removing stubborn contaminants without leaving residue.

Dry ice blaster treating delicate components.
Shot Blasting Machines AB32-9

5. Wheel Blasting Machines:

Wheel blasting machines use a spinning wheel for sandblasting operations. This type of sandblasting lends itself to repeated shapes/products, and it is not as versatile as a sandblasting room. These units can be used independently as a standalone facility or as part of a larger automated production line.

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Please visit our wheel blasting product page for more information on our wheel blasting cabinets. For enquiries on our other products, please contact our sales team on +44 (0) 1778 560 650 or email us at sales@airblast.co.uk.