> Resource Hub / Blog / A Comprehensive Guide to Designing and Building a Sandblasting Room

A Comprehensive Guide to Designing and Building a Sandblasting Room

Sandblasting (an outdated term, better known now as abrasive blasting), requires specialised facilities to ensure safety, efficiency, and effectiveness.

If you’re considering setting up a sandblasting operation, designing and constructing a dedicated sandblasting room is crucial.

So, what are the considerations?

In this guide, we’ll walk you through the essential steps to create a sandblasting room that meets these requirements and complies with safety regulations.

Operator abrasive blasting stainless steel sheet inside a blast room.

What are the benefits of a sandblasting room?

Sandblasting rooms provide a controlled environment for abrasive operations, ensuring worker safety, environmental compliance, and efficient surface treatment. By containing abrasive operations in a dedicated facility, we minimise the risk of dust and noise egress into the wider environment. We safeguard workers from hazardous noise and air-borne particulate while protecting adjacent surfaces and equipment. The precise control over blasting parameters allows for consistent and high-quality results, enhancing productivity and reducing long-term costs. With their versatility and ability to accommodate various workpieces, sandblasting rooms serve as essential assets for industries requiring surface preparation and finishing.

Understanding Sandblasting Room Requirements

Before diving into the design process, it’s essential to understand your specific sandblasting needs. Since there are different types of blast rooms, you will need to consider factors such as the size and shape of the parts to be blasted, the type and volume of abrasive material used, and the desired throughput. Additionally, research local regulations governing industrial operations, environmental concerns, and safety standards to ensure compliance.

Blast room at Ktwo
Industrial manufacturing workshop.

Selecting the Right Location

Choosing the appropriate location for your sandblasting room is the first step in the design process. Opt for a space that provides ample room for the sandblasting enclosure and space for the dust extraction system and ducting. Additionally, consider proximity to other operations or facilities to streamline material transportation and workflow.

Designing the Layout

Designing the layout of your sandblasting room involves determining its dimensions and allocating space for various components. Plan separate areas for the blasting enclosure, the abrasive reclamation system, the dust arrestor and collector, the blast machine, including its media separator and hopper. Ensure that the layout facilitates smooth workflow and minimises the risk of accidents or contamination. Airblast Europspray offer the following blast room layouts:

Blast room enclosure at Wykes Commerical Vehicle, air inlets can be seen just behind the roller door on the blast room's ceiling.
Blast Rooms by Airblast Eurospray

Choosing Construction Materials

Selecting durable materials that can withstand the abrasive nature of sandblasting is essential for the longevity of your sandblasting room. Steel is commonly used the structural components, but other materials such as composite panels are also used. Internally, rubber linings are used to prevent abrasive from damaging the facility’s walls. Ensure that all materials are compatible with the abrasive media used to prevent corrosion and contamination.

Providing Ventilation and Dust Collection

Proper ventilation is crucial for maintaining air quality and preventing the buildup of dust and particulate inside the sandblasting room. Install a ventilation system that facilitates adequate airflow and incorporates a dust collection system to capture airborne particles. Compliance with regulatory standards regarding air quality is paramount. The best way to achieve this in a sandblasting room, is through down-draft ventilation, by drawing air downwards from ceiling to floor vents. This method holds dust and particulates in atmospheric suspension, and efficiently remove them.

Dust extraction unit of the Wykes Commerical Vehicles blasting room, ducting at the top of the unit connects to the air inlets of the enclosure.
Purpose built blast-room lighting system

Installing Lighting and Electrical Systems

A well-lit environment is essential for safe and efficient sandblasting operations. Install sufficient lighting fixtures to ensure visibility inside the sandblasting room, allowing operators to work effectively. Additionally, provide electrical outlets and wiring to power sandblasting equipment, lighting, and other necessary devices.

Implementing Safety Features

Safety should be a top priority when designing a sandblasting room. Incorporate safety features such as blast curtains, personal protective equipment for operators, emergency shut-off switches, and fire suppression systems. Clearly mark exits and emergency procedures to ensure the safety of personnel in case of accidents.

Operator adjusting blast pressure on a blast pot beneath the abrasive separator unit, at Wykes Commerical Vehicles' blast room.
Factory worker conducting health and safety checks on equipment.

Testing and Inspecting

Once the sandblasting room is constructed, conduct thorough testing of all equipment and systems to ensure proper functioning and compliance with safety standards. Implement a regular inspection and maintenance schedule to identify and address any issues promptly.

Training and Documentation

Provide comprehensive training for operators on the safe use of equipment, handling of abrasive materials, and emergency procedures. Maintain detailed documentation of maintenance records, safety protocols, and regulatory compliance for reference and auditing purposes.

Technicians recieving training inside a factory.
Blast room at Ktwo

Monitoring and Improvement

Implement a monitoring system to track operational performance, air quality, pressure vessel testing and compliance with regulatory standards. Continuously evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the sandblasting room, making improvements as needed to optimise productivity and safety.

Whether you’re setting up a small-scale sandblasting operation or expanding an existing facility, careful planning and attention to detail are essential for creating a safe and productive work environment. With the right design and construction, your sandblasting room can become a cornerstone of your operations, facilitating high-quality surface treatment and finishing for years to come.

Contact Us

Please visit our blast solutions page for more information on our blast facilities. For enquiries on our other products, please contact our sales team on +44 (0) 1778 560 650 or email us at sales@airblast.co.uk.